Parque de la Memoria

(Photo by Gustav´s)

The Parque de la Memoria- Monumento a las Víctimas del Terrorismo de Estado is a relatively new space in the city that was inaugurated in 2007 as a memorial of the victims of the military dictatorship in the seventies. The park was designed by Estudio Baudizzone-Lestard-Varas and associate architects Claudio Ferrari and Daniel Becker. Its neat green landscape features sculptures by different artists, each reflecting on themes related to the park’s commemorative purpose. The location also hosts art exhibits that reflect upon these themes and there is an information archive. Although a bit out of the way, it is an interesting place to reflect upon Argentina’s history, and also as a city landmark with artistic value.

An upcoming exhibit will be inaugurated this week featuring Chilean arpilleras, which are burlaps on which textile designs are applied to tell a story, or what cannot be spoken off.  The exhibit will be open from the 28th of September to the 10th of November from Monday to Friday from 10am to 5pm and on weekends and national holidays from midday to 6pm.  Av. Costanera Norte – Rafael Obligado 6745.

Buenos Aires Monuments: La Puerta Historiada

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In Argentina, teacher’s day is celebrated on the 11th of September, as it was the day in which one of the country’s founding fathers known for propelling the Argentine educational system, Domingo Faustino Sarmiento, passed away.

La puerta historiada, which stands at Av. Entre Rios 1349 in Constitución, was created in 1933 in his honor, and in honor of all Argentine teachers by sculptor Arturo Dresco. It is the main door of a library dedicated to social sciences and education.

The doorway was sculpted in bronze and consists of eight panels that depict teachers carrying out their tasks in the country’s different landscapes. The most important men in history that contributed to Argentine education, Mariano Moreno, Bernardino RIvadavia, Manuel Belgrano and Domingo Sarmiento, are included in the center of the piece.

Unfortunately, it has been somewhat forgotten and unkept and the neighborhood it’s in is shady and run down, however it is an important local art piece and a significant emblem of Argentine education.

Buenos Aires Monuments: Monumento a Las Nereidas

(Photo by subcomandanta)

The Monumento a Las Nereidas (Nereids Fountain) is a gorgeous white marble sculpture by Lola Mora, one of the first and most prolific Argentine women artists. The monument is located in Puerto Madero at the Ecological Reserve and represents the Nereids giving birth to Venus.

The fountain, which was created in Rome and inaugurated in 1903 in Buenos Aires, was controversial due to the nude female figures and so, although it had been created for Plaza de Mayo, it ended up being placed at the Plaza Colón, where not a single woman showed up to the inauguration. It wasn’t only the sculpture conservative society was distraught about, Lola Mora herself was also considered scandalous, both for being an artist and for wearing pants on the sculpture’s site! In fact, many doubted her artistic capacity and questioned whether the sculpture was truly hers. The monument caused such a commotion that in 1918 it was moved once again this time to an even more distant location on Costanera Sur, where it remains today.

Buenos Aires Monuments: Monumento de los Españoles

(Photo by N i c o_)

The Monumento de los Españoles (Spaniards Monument), also known as the Monumento a La Carta Magna y las Cuatro Regiones Argentinas (Monument of the Magna Carta and the Four Argentine Regions), is one of the most renowned in the city and was a gift from the Spanish community for the Centennial of the May Revolution.  Although the founding stone was set in 1910 when the Catalan Agustí Querols Subirats began its design, he passed away shortly and the building of the monument suffered many setbacks taking a long time to build.  After Querol’s death, Cipriano Folgueras was assigned the project but he also died in the meantime and so the monument’s rising was further delayed. Another unfortunate event occurred in 1916 when the ocean liner that was carrying the materials for the monument sank midway.  Finally, the stunning 24,5 m high marble and brass monument was finished and inaugurated in 1927.

At its top is a symbolic statue of the republic with allegoric marble representations of labor and work at its base, and bronze figures that represent the Andes, Pampa, Chaco and de la Plata regions. Its inscriptions include a fragment of the Argentine constitution that proclaims freedom for the country and for any person in the world who wishes the make Argentina their home and also four statements that proclaim the brotherhood of Argentina and Spain, their people, their language and their destiny.

 The stunning statue is the largest and one of the most beautiful monuments in the city. It is located in Palermo on the intersection of Av. Libertador and Av. Sarmiento.

5 Emblematic City Landmarks

Obelisco: This Buenos Aires icon at the center of the emblematic 9 de Julio avenue in the heart of the city is a well-known city landmark. It has been standing since 1936 and was built to celebrate the foundation of the city.  The obelisk has since functioned as a meeting point to celebrate world-cup football wins, and to stage shows such as Julio Bocca’s last dance and a Placido Domingo live concert, amongst others. It is also often decorated to commemorate many occasions, such as the Bicentennial or the memorable 2005 world Aids day – in which it was covered by a giant condom!

(Photo by slaff)

Torre Monumental: The Palladian-style tower in front of Retiro train station was a gift to the city from the British to commemorate the centennial of the May Revolution. Initially, its name was Torre de los Ingleses, but the name was changed after the Falklands/Malvinas war.  Still, it stands as one of the city’s signature monuments, displaying the Irish shamrock, the Welsh dragon, the Scottish thistle and the English rose.

(Photo by morrissey)

Monumento de los Españoles: This stunning monument on Sarmiento and Libertador avenues in Palermo was donated in 1910 by the local Spanish community to commemorate the May revolution, although due to many complications in its construction it wasn’t inaugurated until 1927. The bronze and marble monument, which is also called “La Magna Carta y las Cuatro Regiones Argentinas,” consists of a  representation of the Pampas, the Andes, Chaco and Rio de La Plata regions on its base, and at the top of the monument, a statue of the Republic.

(Photo by InnerCore)

Puente de la Mujer: This beautiful modern bridge in Puerto Madero was designed by Spanish architect Santiago Calatrava and was inspired by tango dancers. Its unique  and elegant design, which includes a complex rotational system to allow boats through, has made it famous worldwide.

(Photo by Christian Haugen)

Floralis Generica: Argentine architect Eduardo Catalano is responsible for the impressive steel and aluminum flower the heart of Recoleta. The sculpture, which closes its metal petals at night and reopens with the sunlight, is symbolic for rebirth and hope.

(Photo by matt.hintsa)

Buenos Aires Parks

Despite being a bustling city, Buenos Aires is surrounded by green and its many stunning parks, with important architectural landmarks, are popular amongst locals and tourists alike. Below we prepared a list of some of the most important parks in Buenos Aires.

 

Plaza San Martin: Retiro is one of the city’s focal points and the gorgeous Plaza San Martín clearly reminds any visitor or passer by of the importance of this neighborhood. The stately park, in front of the Torre Monumental, holds the Jose de San Martin monument and the Monumeno a los Caidos de Malvinas. It is also chock full of lush Ombu, Linden and Floss Silk trees, and is surrounded by important buildings with stunning architecture.

(Photo by sapiamaia)

 

Parque 3 de Feberero: The lush extensive parks that were inaugurated in 1852 by caudillo Juan Manuel de Rosas are a city emblem. Between Av. Libertador and Lugones, and extending from Av. Casares in Palermo to La Pampa in Belgrano, this group of parks is composed of 25 hectares made up of 15 public parks and 21 private sport clubs.  Some of the highlights for those getting to know the city include the “Rosedal”, an extensive rose garden with an Andalusian patio and a small lake to pedal boat in, the Sivori museum of art, the planetarium and the Japanese gardens which host a variety of activities related to Japanese culture.

(Photo by Luis Araujo)

 

Jardín Botanico: This mysterious and charming botanical garden has over 500 plant species amongst which a large cat community lives. There are also some lovely statues, a botanical museum, and a library. This is a great place to walk though or sit in to read a Borges short story!

(Photo by wallygrom)

 

Plaza Francia and surrounding parks: many beautiful extensive parks surround Recoleta. The most known is Plaza Francia, next to the Cemetery, and where the artisans fair is put on weekends. Also in the area is Plaza Naciones Unidas where the impressive Floralis Generica is located, and Plaza Las Heras, amongst others bordering Av. Libertador and Figueroa Alcorta.

(Photo by guillermopaladino)

 

Parque Lezama: This famous park in the heart of San Telmo is easily recognized by the bright colored cupolas of the Russian Orthodox Church, which overlooks the parks tipa and jacaranda trees. Also surrounding the park is the historic Bar  Britanico.  The Pedro de Mendoza monument, a gazebo, a pergola and a sculpture garden complete the charm of this lovely green space.

(Photo by Matias Garabedian)

 

Parque Centenario: In the Caballito neighborhood, Parque Centenario is a popular meeting point for afternoon mates and live evening concerts at the parks amphitheatre. Also in the park are a swan lake and the Fountain of the Irupé Flower, sculpted by renowned sculptor Luis Perlotti. Surrounding the park is the Museum of Natural Sciences and an Astronomy observatory.

(Photo by PezMico)

Places to Visit: Luis Perlotti Sculpture Museum

(Sculpture by Luis Perlotti of Luis Angel Firpo at the Recoleta Cemetery. Photo by Sebastian-Dario)

Luis Perlotti was a distinguished Argentine sculptor who dealt with native themes and indigenous imagery, as well as producing sculptures and monuments of local characters of the artistic and political scene.

In 1969 he donated his house and workshop in Caballito for its use as a museum. The museum showcases an ample selection of his works as well as displaying sculptures by other renowned Argentine artists. Additionally the museum showcases the late sculptors collections of native textiles and archeological objects acquired on his journeys through Argentina, Bolivia and Peru.

 

Museo de Esculturas Luis Perlotti

Pujol 644, Caballito

4433-3396

museoperlotti_prensa@buenosaires.gob.ar

Open: Tue-Sun 11am-7pm