5 Emblematic Women in Argentine History

(Photo by Mike Licht, NotionsCapital.com)

Cecilia Grierson – 1859-1934

Cecilia Grierson was the first female doctor in the country. She graduated from the University of Buenos Aires as a surgeon-doctor in 1889 and began working at the Ramos Mejia Hospital (back then, San Roque Hospital).  She founded the first school of nurses, the Argentine first aid association, and the institute for the blind in Buenos Aires.

She also traveled to London and became the vice-president of the International Women’s Congress and studied gynecology in France.

Rosario Vera Peñaloza- 1873-1950

Rosario Vera Peñaloza dedicated her life to education. She founded the first Argentine kindergarten in La Rioja. She was also a head mistress in many schools around the country.

In 1931 the national education committee entrusted her with the creation of the first national museum for primary education. Her date of death was declared the national kindergarten teacher’s day.

Alicia Moreau Justo- 1885-1986

Alicia Moreau Justo was born in London but moved to Buenos Aires with her family when she was five. She was doctor and political activist who fought for women’s rights.

In 1902 she founded the women’s socialist center and was one of the founders of the women’s pro-suffrage committee.

She was also married to one Juan B. Justo, an influential politician, journalist, physician and writer with whom she had three children.

Victoria Ocampo- 1890-1979

Victoria Ocampo was an Argentine writer and intellectual.

She was born into an aristocratic family and traveled from an early age to Europe, which helped form her cultural identity.

She was a part of the feminist movement and founded Sur magazine, which was the most important literary magazine of its time in Latin America. Authors such as Sabato, Borges, Cortazar and Camus were published in it, amongst many other prominent authors.

She also edited and supported an anti-nazi magazine during world war II.

In 1976 she was appointed the first woman member of the Argentine Academy of Letters.

She frequently received visits from internationally renowned writers, artists and thinkers at her residence, which is open to visits. More information is available here.

Evita- 1919-1952

Evita is the most iconic woman in Argentine history. Born in Los Toldos, in the Province of Buenos Aires, she was first an actress, and then a politician.

She married Juan Domingo Peron in 1944 and became the face of Peronism.

As a first lady she is credited with having played an essential part in obtaining women’s voting rights and organizing the feminine branch of the Peronist political party. She established and ran the Fundacion Eva Peron, dedicated to social work.

She died of cancer when she was 33 and it is estimated that over a million people assisted her wake.

More information on Evita is available at  the Evita Museum.

This Week in Buenos Aires

Monday

(Photo by Carola)

Don’t miss the Photography Biennial being held at the Centro Cultural Borges, right next to Galerias Pacifico. More than 220 artists from 39 countries are exhibiting their works that will be auctioned on the 14th of February at the MALBA. All the auctions proceeds are to go to Save the Children and Fleni Foundation. Opening hours: Mon-Sat 10am-9pm, Sun midday-9pm. Viamonte 525, downtown. 5555 5358/9. info@ccborges.org.ar.

In the evening don’t miss out on La Bomba del Tiempo, a percussion orchestra that has become one of the local absolute musts. Centro Cultural Konex, Sarmiento 3131, Abasto, 4864-3200.

Tuesday

(Photo by deglispiriti)

The Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes (MNBA) is showcasing a collection of Italian art from 1860-1945 until the 19th of February.  Opening hours Tue-Fri 12.30pm-8.30pm and Sat-Sun from 9.30am-8.30pm. Av. Del Libertador 1473, Recoleta.

If you’re looking for a laugh don’t miss the Grin Go! Stand Up comedy Show starting at 9pm at the Absinth Resto Bar. Bartolomé Mitre 1695, Downtown. 4371-6486. Be sure to make a reservation by emailing gringo@comicosdepie.com.ar.

Wednesday

(Photo by blmurch)

La Manzana de las Luces is a block of historical buildings that housed the first public school, university and library. On this block is the San Ignacio church, the oldest in Buenos Aires. A mysterious set of tunnels, dating back to the 1700’s is another of this landmarks attractions that can be toured starting 3pm. Perú 272, San Telmo.

In the evening head to the Abasto neighborhood for a taste of tango presented by the Orquesta Típica Fernandez Fierro at the Club Atletico Fernández Fierro starting at 10.30pm. Sánchez de Bustamante 764, Abasto. caff@fernandezfierro.com.

Thursday

(Photo by Carlos Novillo Martin. Rus)

Go on the San Telmo Art Walk, offered by Juanele every Tuesday and Thursday at 3pm and discover the who is who and what is what of the neighborhood’s art-ridden streets. The three-hour walk includes a tour of both the street art and galleries. More information here.

For a unique evening, book your place at Fierro Hotel’s Thursday wine tasting and sample some great Argentine wines, chosen by the president of the Argentine Sommelier Association Andres Rosberg and in-house Sommelier Martin Bruno. Tastings cost 25 USD per person and are limited to 7 people. Soler 5862, Palermo. 3220-6800.

Pop sensation Selena Gomez will be playing live at Estadio GEBA in the evening. Tickets here.

Friday

(photo by Brian Negin)

Start the week by visiting the Evita Museum to find out more about this emblematic political figure. Guided tours in English can be booked in advance and last about an hour. Tue-Sun 11am-7pm.  Lafinur 2988. 4807-0306.

Later on stop by one of these recommended bars for Happy hour! Or head to the  Luna Park to watch multilingual African reggae singer Alpha Blondie perform.  Tickets here.

Saturday and Sunday

(Photo by scrambldmeggs)

Take a day trip to the San Isidro neighborhood in the outskirts of the city and visit Quinta Los Ombues, one of the oldest homestead in the city where a small historical museum is displayed overlooking a beautiful viewpoint of San Isidro. Close by is the San Isidro cathedral and an artisans fair in a shaded park. Also in San Isidro is the Casa de Victoria OCampo well worth visiting and having some tea with scones in.

The Summer Blues Festival will be taking place at La Trastienda this year with a focus on the harmonica. Tickets here.